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2019年英语四级词汇模拟题(1)

中华betway787网   2019-01-23   【

2019年英语四级词汇模拟题(1)

  【例1】When he heard the bad news,he completely.

  A)broke away B)broke down C)broke up D)broke out

  【分析】显然该题属于动词短语型。broke away 意为“离开”, broke out意为“突然爆发”, broke up 意为“精神或体力上的衰退、衰老”,broke down则指“精神崩溃、感情失控”,所以根据题意,正确答案为B项。

  【例2】We have agreed the rules which will govern the competition.

  A) from B) by C) on D) for

  【分析】此题属于动词短语型。动词agree 后跟不同的介词时,各自有不同的含义。其区别如下:agree on/upon 用于在某一点上,双方取得或具有相同的意见,其后常跟terms,rules,date等词。 agree with 用于同意某人说的话或观点,看法等,其后常跟idea,opinion,method等词。 agree to用于同意某种计划、安排、建议等,其后常跟 proposal ,arrangement,principal等词。所以上句的正确答案是C项。

  【例3】I hope my teacher will take my recent illness into when judging my examination.

  A) regard B) counting C) account D) observation

  【分析】take……into account 为动词词组,意为“考虑、重视”,根据题意,C为正确答案。

  【例4】The doctor an operation on him.

  A) performed B) make C) take D) put

  【分析】答案为A。因为表示“对……进行手术时”,“an operation on sb……”只能同动词“perform(carry out)”搭配。

  【例5】The school staff gathered to hear the president speak.

  A)is B)be C)are D)will

  【分析】staff 是集合名词,明显地强调某组织或集合体的成员,动词应取复数形式,所以C项正确。类似的词还有:family, committee, police, cattle, audience, herd, crowd, troop, team等。

  【例6】A large crowd expected at the football match.

  A)is B)be C)are D)will

  【分析】crowd 是集合名词,强调一个整体,具有单数意义,根据题意,A项正确。

  【例7】Economics, several courses of which I have taken thus far, to be difficult but useful for almost all students.

  A)prove B)have been proved C)proves D)are proved

  【分析】句中several courses of which I have taken thus far 是非限定性定语从句,其前后用逗号与主句分开。主句主语Economics是以 s 结尾的表示学科名称的名词, 在句中作单数第三人称看待, 因此应选C项, 以求句中主谓一致。英语中以 s 结尾表示学科名称的名词很多,如:mathematics,statistics,politics,physics,phonetics等。

  【例4】Her sister works in college but I don’t know which one.

  A)the women’s B) a women’s C)the women D) a women

  【分析】根据句意可以看出女子学院是泛指,不是特指,所以答案就在B、D选项中选一个,选哪一个,这就要按名词的所有格规则去判定。名词所有格规定:当名词与其它名词存在着所有关系、主谓关系、动宾关系或表示类别等意义时,该名词就采用所有格形式。上句中women与college之间存在着类别关系,因此答案B才是正确的。

  【例8】No one imagined that the apparently businessman was really a criminal.

  A) respectful B) respectable C)respective D) respecting

  【分析】解该题时,要注意形容词近义及后缀的区别。后缀----able附在动词后构成形容词,表示“可……的、能……的”,如:bearable,eatable等;----ful构成形容词表示“充满……的,有……性质,有……倾向”,如:peaceful,doubtful等;---ive构成形容词表示“与……有关的,具有……性质的”,如:creative,explosive。本题中的respectful“尊重他人(showing respect)”有主动意思;respectable 表示“受人尊敬(deserving respect)”有被动意思;respective则表示“各自的”;respecting 常用作介词,表示“关于”,这样该题正确答案为B项。

  【例9】The cost is much for me.

  A) so much B) too much C)far too D)very much

  【分析】为了强调副词程度的增加,常可在“too + adj(adv)”的前面加上 much 或far,意思是“实在太……”;为了强调程度的减少,可在其前面加上 a little,意为“稍微……”,如:The coat is a little too large for me,又如 You have given much too little care to your work。因此上句的答案应选C项。

  【例10】My father’s only two expensive little socks were kept by my elder brother.

  A) Chinese green antique silk B) Chinese antique green silk

  C) antique Chinese green silk D) green antique Chinese silk

  【分析】多个形容词重叠在一起修饰名词时,词序是:限定词+描绘性形容词+little/old/new+色彩形容词+色属形容词+名词性形容词和其它修饰语+被修饰名词。因此D项正确。

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