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2019年大学英语四级听力betway787题(7)

中华betway787网   2019-02-10   【

2019年大学英语四级听力betway787题(7)

  Section A(1-8)

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

  1. A) The woman is fussy about the cleanness of the apartment.

  B) He has not cleaned the apartment since his mother’s visit.

  C) He does not remember when his mother came over.

  D) His mother often helps him to clean the apartment.

  2. A)The bus stop is only two minutes’ walk. B) The running made him short of breath.

  C) They might as well take the next bus. D) The woman is late by a couple of minutes.

  3. A) She is suffering a pain in her neck. B) She is likely to replace Miss Smith.

  C) She has to do extra work for a few days. D) She is quite sick of working overtime.

  4. A)Change her job. B) Buy a dishwasher. C) Open a flower shop. D) Start her own business.

  5. A)He forgot where he had left the package. B) He slipped on his way to the post office.

  C)He wanted to deliver the package himself. D) He failed to do what he promised to do.

  6. A)The speakers do not agree with each other. B) The woman does not like horror films.

  C)The man pays for the tickets as a rule. D) The speakers happened to meet in the cinema.

  7. A)The woman is just as unlucky as the man. B) The woman is more sensitive than the man.

  C)The speakers share a common view on love. D) The speakers are unhappy with their marriage.

  8. A)Preparations for a forum. B) Participants in the forum.

  C)Organizers of a forum. D) Expectations of the forum.

  Section C

  Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea.When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

  “Don’t take many English courses; they won’t help you get a decent job.” “Sign up for management classes, so you’ll be ready to join the family business when you graduate. ”

  Sound(26)______? Many of us have heard suggestions like these(27)______ by parents or others close to us. Such comments often seem quite reasonable.

  Why, then, should suggestions like these be taken with(28)______? The reason is they relate to decisions you should make. You are the one who must(29)______ their consequences.

  One of the worst reasons to follow a particular path in life is that other people want you to. Decisions that affect your life should be your decisions—decisions you make after you’ve considered various(30)______ and chosen the path that suits you best.

  Making your own decisions does not mean that you should(31)______ the suggestions of others. For instance, your parents do have their own unique experiences that may make their advice helpful, and having (32) ______ in a great deal of your personal history, they may have a clear view of your strengths and weaknesses. Still, their views are not necessarily accurate. They may still see you as a child,(33)______ care and protection. Or they may see only your strengths. Or, in some unfortunate cases, they may(34)______ your flaws and shortcomings.

  People will always be giving you advice. Ultimately, though, you have to make your own(35)______.

  答案解析

  Section A (1-8)

  1. W:When was the last time you dusted the apartment?

  M: When was the last time my mother came over?

  Q:What does the man imply?

  【答案解析】B 女士问“你上次打扫房间是什么时候?”,男士以“我妈妈上次来是什么时候?”回应。其中,“上次是什么时候?”重合,男士这样回应的意思是:我上次打扫房间是我妈妈上次来的时候。B选项是对上述对话的合理推断,因此正确。

  2. W:Hurry up, Mark. There’s a bus coming now.

  M:Why run? There’ll be another one in two or three minutes.

  Q:What does the man mean?

  【答案解析】C 男士先说“为什么要跑?”这说明他不着急,后面用“两三分钟后又会来一趟的”来解释原因。即两三分钟后还有一辆,咱们坐后面这辆,不用着急。C选项为男士话语的合理推断,因此正确。

  3. M:Laura, it seems that you are up to your neck in work. How come you’ve been so busy?

  W:Miss Smith has asked for a sick leave, and I have to take over her work for a couple of days.

  Q:What do we learn about the woman?

  【答案解析】C 女士说道“我得接替她的工作几天了”,由于“接替她的工作”就是“做额外的工作”,所以C选项是对女士话语的合理推断,为正确答案。

  4. W: Washing dishes at the cafeteria every day is really boring.

  M: Why don’t you quit and deliver flowers with me?

  Q:What does the man suggest the woman do?

  【答案解析】A 男士说道“你为什么不辞职”,“辞职”表明男士建议女士辞去现在的工作,然后开始新的工作,A选项是对男士话语的合理推断,因此正确。男士提到“deliver flowers”,这并不等同于Open a flower shop,C选项曲解语义。

  5. W:Rod, you said you’d take this package to the post office yesterday.

  M:Oh, no, it must have slipped my mind.

  Q:What do we learn about the man from the conversation?

  【答案解析】D 男士说“我把这个事情给忘了”,“这个事情”指代女士所说的“你会把这个包裹送到邮局”一事,且这件事是男士承诺的。由此可知,男士没有做自己说过的事,D选项为对话内容的合理推断,因此正确。B选项是利用对话中出现的slipped(遗忘)和post office设置的词汇干扰。

  6. M:I’m not surprised that you didn’t like that movie. I found it really scary myself.

  W:So did I. I don’t care much for horror movies as a rule.

  Q:What do we learn from the conversation?

  【答案解析】B 对话中,男士说他对于女士不喜欢那部电影并不感到奇怪,他自己也觉得那部电影很恐怖。女士用“So did I”予以回应,并且再一次强调“我不怎么喜欢恐怖电影”。言下之意,女士不喜欢horror films。B选项是对女士话语的同义转述,因此正确。

  7. M:My life experience tells me that love is filled with happiness, but it hurts you, too.

  W:Your words remind me of this saying, “Honey is sweet but the bee stings”.

  Q:What do we learn from the conversation?

  【答案解析】C 女士所说的“蜂蜜甘甜蜂蛰痛”中的“蜂蜜”,“甘甜”和“蛰、刺痛”分别与男士所说的“爱情让人感到幸福的同时也会让人感到痛苦”中的“爱情”,“幸福”和“痛苦”对应,明确表明女士和男士在爱情上的看法是一致的。C选项为合理推断,因此正确。

  8. M:How many more chairs should I bring in for the forum, six or seven?

  W:Bring in all you can find. I’m expecting at least 20 participants.

  Q:What are the speakers talking about?

  【答案解析】A 男士询问还要为讨论会拿多少椅子,女士回答说能找到的都要。由此推断出这是为讨论会的召开作前期准备工作。此外,当听到女士说“I’m expecting at least 20 participants”时,更加肯定了前期准备的事实,因为expecting表示“预计”,因此A选项为正确答案。

  Section C

  “Don’t take many English courses; they won’t help you get a decent job.” “Sign up for management classes, so you’ll be ready to join the family business when you graduate.”

  Sound familiar? Many of us have heard suggestions like these put forward by parents or others close to us. Such comments often seem quite reasonable.

  Why, then, should suggestions like these be taken with caution? The reason is they relate to decisions you should make. You are the one who must live with their consequences.

  One of the worst reasons to follow a particular path in life is that other people want you to. Decisions that affect your life should be your decisions—decisions you make after you’ve considered various alternatives and chosen the path that suits you best.

  Making your own decisions does not mean that you should ignore the suggestions of others. For instance, your parents do have their own unique experiences that may make their advice helpful, and having participated in a great deal of your personal history, they may have a clear view of your strengths and weaknesses. Still, their views are not necessarily accurate. They may still see you as a child, in need of care and protection. Or they may see only your strengths. Or, in some unfortunate cases, they may focus only on your flaws and shortcomings.

  People will always be giving you advice. Ultimately, though, you have to make your own judgments/judgements.

  26.【答案解析】familiar 空格所在句是一个省略疑问句。Sound为系动词,空格处应填入一个可以作表语的成分,可能是形容词、名词、动词不定式短语等。

  27.【答案解析】put forward 空格所在的简单句结构完整,空格处所填词语应能够体现出suggestions和by parents or others之间的关系,由by可以推出空格处可能会填入一个过去分词(词组),作suggestions的后置定语,表被动。

  28. 【答案解析】caution 空格所在句是一个特殊疑问句,主语是suggestions like these,谓语是should be taken,结构完整;with与空格连用,作状语修饰谓语,因此空格处应填入一个名词。

  29.【答案解析】live with 空格位于who引导的定语从句中,从句缺少谓语,且由前面的情态动词must可以推断,此处应填入一个动词(词组)的原形。同时,由上下文和空格后的consequences(后果)可以猜测,所填入动词(词组)应该表示“承担”之意。

  30.【答案解析】alternatives 空格在该句中作you’ve considered的宾语,且由various修饰,由此可知空格处应该填入可数名词的复数形式。

  31.【答案解析】ignore 空格位于that引导的宾语从句中,从句缺少谓语,且由前面的情态动词should可以判断,空格处应填入一个动词(词组)的原形。

  32.【答案解析】participated 空格所在句是一个由and连接的并列分句,其主谓宾结构完整,having…为现在分词短语作原因状语,having在此为助动词have的现在分词,后面应该跟一个过去分词,构成现在完成时。

  33.【答案解析】in need of 空格所在句结构完整,空格处所填入词语应和后面的care and protection构成状语,修饰整个句子;或者构成后置定语,修饰child。根据语法可以判断,应填入介词(短语)或分词(短语)。

  34.【答案解析】focus only on 空格所在句是一个简单句,缺少谓语。由前面的情态动词may可以推断,空格应填入一个动词(词组)的原形。

  35.【答案解析】judgments/judgements 空格处应填入名词,作make的宾语。且根据上下文可以推断,该句的表意应该与“你必须自己做决定”或“你必须自己做判断相关”。

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