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2019年大学英语四级听力betway787题(6)

中华betway787网   2019-02-10   【

2019年大学英语四级听力betway787题(6)

  Section A(1-8)

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer.Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

  1. A)They came in five different colors. B) They were good value for money.

  C)They were a very good design. D) They were sold out very quickly.

  2. A) Ask her roommate not to speak loudly on the phone.

  B) Ask her roommate to make her phone calls outside.

  C) Go and find a quieter place to review her lessons.

  D) Report her problem to the dorm management.

  3. A)The washing machine is totally beyond repair.

  B)He will help Wendy prepare her annual report.

  C)Wendy should give priority to writing her report.

  D)The washing machine should be checked annually.

  4. A)The man fell down when removing the painting.

  B)The wall will be decorated with a new painting.

  C)The woman likes the painting on the wall.

  D)The painting is now being reframed.

  5. A)It must be missing. B) It was left in the room.

  C)The man took it to the market. D) She placed it on the dressing table.

  6. A)Go to a play. B) Meet Janet.

  C)Book some tickets. D)Have a get-together.

  7. A)One box of books is found missing. B)Some of the boxes arrived too late.

  C)Replacements have to be ordered. D)Some of the books are damaged.

  8. A)The man will pick up Professor Johnson at her office.

  B)The man did not expect his paper to be graded too soon.

  C)Professor Johnson has given the man a very high grade.

  D)Professor Johnson will talk to each student in her office.

  Section C

  Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea.When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

  According to American law, if someone is accused of a crime, he is considered (26) ______until the court proves the person is guilty.

  To arrest a person, the police have to be reasonably sure that a crime has been (27) ______. The police must give the suspect the reasons why they are arresting him and tell him his rights under the law. Then the police take the suspect to the police station, where the name of the person and the (28) ______ against him are formally listed.

  The next step is for the suspect to go before a judge. The judge decides whether the suspect should be kept in jail or (29) ______. If the suspect has no previous criminal record and the judge feels that he will return to court (30) ______run away, he can go free. Otherwise, the suspect must put up bail(保释金). At this time, too, the judge will (31) ______ a court lawyer to defend the suspect if he can’t afford one.

  The suspect returns to court a week or two later. A lawyer from the district attorney’s office presents a case against the suspect. The attorney may present (32) ______ as well as witnesses. The judge then decides whether there is enough reason to (33) ______.

  The American justice system is very complex, and sometimes operates slowly. However, every step is (34) ______ to protect the rights of the people. These individual rights are the (35) ______of the American government.

  答案解析

  Section A(1-8)

  1. M: Did you buy any of the sweaters that were on sale?

  W: Buy any? I got five of them. They were such a good bargain.

  Q: What does the woman say about the sweaters?

  【答案解析】B 男士询问女士有没有购买特价毛衣,女士说“They were such a good bargain”,这句话的含义是“它们实在太划算了”,从而得出“这些毛衣物有所值”的结论,B选项为女士答语的同义转述,因此正确。

  2. W: I have trouble concentrating when my roommate talks so loud on her mobile phone.

  M: Why don’t you just ask her to lower her voice?

  Q: What does the man suggest the woman do?

  【答案解析】A 当女士就室友打电话声音大向男士诉苦时,男士用“Why don’t you just”引出自己的具体建议:ask her to lower her voice,而此处的her正是女士的roommate。A选项not to speak loudly是原句lower her voice的同义转述,故正确。

  3. W: Wendy’s in the basement, trying to fix the washing machine.

  M:Shouldn’t she be working on her annual report?

  Q: What does the man mean?

  【答案解析】C 男士用否定疑问句“她不是应该在做年度报告吗”强调了写报告的重要性,结合女士提供的“Wendy正在地下室尝试修理洗衣机”这一语境,可以推知男士的意思是“写报告比修理洗衣机重要”,C选项推断合理,因此正确。

  4. W: What happened to the painting that used to be on the wall?

  M: It fell down and the glass broke. I’m having it reframed.

  Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

  【答案解析】D 女士询问“the painting that used to be on the wall”怎么了,男士回答“It fell down and the glass broke.”并补充道“I’m having it reframed”,It指代the painting,D选项为男士后一句话的同义转述,因此正确。

  5. M: You must have left the camera in the market. It’s a very expensive camera you know.

  W: But I tell you that I didn’t take it. I remember clearly that you put it on the dressing table.

  Q: What does the woman say about the camera?

  【答案解析】B 女士用“I remember clearly that you put it on the dressing table”指出之前男士把照相机放在了梳妆台上。根据常识可知梳妆台在卧室里,B选项是女士话语的合理推断,因此正确。

  6. W: There is a good comedy on at the Theatre Royal next Saturday. If you like, I can book four seats for us.

  M: All right. I’ll ask Janet if she is free then. I’ll let you know tomorrow.

  Q: What does the woman suggest they do next Saturday?

  【答案解析】A 从女士所说的“下周六皇家剧院会上演一部很棒的喜剧”可以看出下周的计划与comedy(喜剧)有关,同时“If you like, I can book four seats for us.”表明她希望大家一起去看,A选项与此表意一致,因此正确。

  7. W: We’ve opened the first box. Look! Some of these books are soaked.

  M: They should’ve used waterproof wrappings. What are we going to do about it? It’s too late to order replacements.

  Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

  【答案解析】D 女士说道“有些书浸湿了”,由此可知书受到了损坏,D选项与此含义相同,因此正确。男士说“It’s too late to order replacements”即预定新书too late,言下之意是现在不能订购替换品了,B、C两个选项与此表述不符,因此排除。

  8. W: Professor Johnson said you can pick up your term paper at her office.

  M: So she has graded it?

  Q: What can we infer from the conversation?

  【答案解析】B 女士让男士取期末报告时男士所说的“she has graded it”使用现在完成时,说明报告已经被评分;并且男士用陈述语序去表达疑问语气,表明了他的惊讶或不情愿。由此可以推断“男士没料到这么快被评分”,因此B选项正确。

  Section C

  According to American law, if someone is accused of a crime, he is considered innocent until the court proves the person is guilty.

  To arrest a person, the police have to be reasonably sure that a crime has been committed. The police must give the suspect the reasons why they are arresting him and tell him his rights under the law. Then the police take the suspect to the police station, where the name of the person and the charges against him are formally listed.

  The next step is for the suspect to go before a judge. The judge decides whether the suspect should be kept in jail or released. If the suspect has no previous criminal record and the judge feels that he will return to court rather than run away, he can go free. Otherwise, the suspect must put up bail. At this time, too, the judge will appoint a court lawyer to defend the suspect if he can’t afford one.

  The suspect returns to court a week or two later. A lawyer from the district attorney’s office presents a case against the suspect. The attorney may present evidence as well as witnesses. The judge then decides whether there is enough reason to hold a trial.

  The American Justice System is very complex, and sometimes operates slowly. However, every step is designed to protect the rights of the people. These individual rights are the foundation of the American government.

  26.【答案解析】innocent 空格位于主从复合句的主句中,而主句结构完整,空格处作该句主语的补足语。其形式可以是形容词、名词、现在分词、过去分词、动词不定式等。进一步分析句意,“he is considered until…proves the person is guilty(判定他有罪之前,他都被认为是)”,此处可能填入一个与guilty语义相反的词,表“无罪的”或“清白的”。

  27.【答案解析】committed 本空出现在that引导的宾语从句中,该从句的主语为a crime,系动词为has been,缺少表语。由于系动词使用了完成式,故空格处可以是形容词、现在分词、过去分词等。联系上下文语境,本空应该与主语a crime搭配表“犯罪”,因此填入过去分词表被动的可能性更大。

  28.【答案解析】charges 空格出现在由where引导的定语从句中。and连接the name of the person和the against him,作定语从句的并列主语。空前是定冠词the,空后是它本身的后置定语against him,由此推断,本空填入的词应为名词性质。

  29.【答案解析】released 空格所在的whether引导的宾语从句以whether…or…(是……还是……)组句,一方面说明空格处与kept in jail并列,同作be动词的表语;一方面说明空格处所填词在语义上可能与kept in jail对立。综上所述,本空很有可能是与kept形式相同的过去分词,且表“放走、释放”之意。

  30.【答案解析】rather than if引导的条件状语从句由and连接的两个并列句构成,空格在分句二中。空格前的return to court(回庭受审)和空格后的run away(逃跑)形式相同而语义相反,由此推断,空格处很可能填入表转折或对比意义的连词或介词短语。

  31.【答案解析】appoint 空格位于主从复合句的主句中。主句主语是the judge,宾语是a court lawyer,to defend the suspect是目的状语,而空格处所填的词作该句的谓语。由于空格前是情态动词will,故应填入动词(词组)原形。

  32.【答案解析】evidence 空格所在句是一个简单句。句中的as well as将空格和witness连接,构成present的并列宾语,由此可知,空格处很有可能填入与witness词性相同的名词(词组)。

  33.【答案解析】hold a trial 空格所在句是由whether引导的宾语从句,句子主干完整,空格与它前面的to一起构成不定式短语,充当目的状语。由此可知,本空应填入动词(词组)原形。

  34.【答案解析】designed 空格所在句是一个简单句,缺少表语。鉴于空前为is,空后为不定式短语,本空可能填入形容词、副词、现在分词、过去分词等形式。

  35.【答案解析】foundation 空格所在句为主系表结构,缺少表语。鉴于空前是定冠词the,空后是of所有格,本空应填入一个名词性质的词(组)。

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